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Consolidated Financial Statement

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A consolidated financial statement presents the financial position or results of a parent company and its subsidiaries as if it were a single enterprise. Under Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP), all majority-owned subsidiaries must be consolidated in a consolidated financial statement of the parent company. Preparing a consolidated financial statement for a firm with a complex capital structure and numerous subsidiaries is an enormously difficult task, and the presentation of a consolidated financial statement raises many accounting issues. The preparation of a consolidated financial statement is often complicated by transactions between parent and subsidiary. Other issues in creating a consolidated financial statement include dealing with minority ownership interests and different fiscal year-ends among the corporate entities. A major controversy in the preparation of a consolidated financial statement is whether a business combination should be accounted for by the purchase method or the pooling method. Nevertheless, only a consolidated financial statement can portray fairly the financial position of the parent company.

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