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Monetary Policy

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Monetary policy is the management of a nation's money supply to achieve economic goals by a central bank or currency board. Monetary policy objectives can include control of inflation, control of exchange rates, or even simply economic stability. Monetary policy is contrasted with fiscal policy, which aims to achieve economic goals through taxation and government expenditure. The Federal Reserve, or Fed, handles monetary policy in the United States. The Fed controls the money supply through open market operations, and also sets interest rates between banks and reserve requirements. Tight monetary policy, also called contractionary monetary policy, tends to curb inflation by contracting the money supply. Easy monetary policy, also called expansionary monetary policy, tends to encourage growth by expanding the money supply.



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