Investor Glossary-net book valueInvestor Glossary-net book valueInvestor Glossary-net book valueInvestor Glossary-net book valueInsightful stock market charts - Click here
investor
Categories    # A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Net Book Value

The HTML to link to this page
 

Net book value is the value of an asset on the books of the company. For example, suppose a company buys a machine with a five-year useful life for $5,000 cash. It debits Fixed Assets $5,000 and credits Cash $5,000. The machine's net book value is currently $5,000. After one year, the company records depreciation by debiting Deprecation Expense $1,000 ($5,000/5) and crediting Accumulated Depreciation for $1,000. The machine's net book value is now the original cost ($5,000) less the accumulated depreciation ($1,000), or $4,000. The problem with net book value is whether it reflects economic reality or merely accounting convention. The net book value of $4,000 probably isn't what the machine would fetch at public auction. Further, the net book value calculation itself is an estimate, because the machine's exact useful life is unknowable. Nevertheless, net book value does give financial statement readers a rough idea of asset values. Note that net book value is similarly used to value long-term liabilities which are amortized, such as bonds. Finally, net book value is often simply expressed as the book value.



Rate this net book value definition...

Learn about investing with the Investor Glossary Term of the Day


Click here for insightful stock market charts. Where is the market headed? The answer may surprise you. Find out
with the exclusive & Barron's recommended charts of Chart of the Day.


Popular Terms: average price per share, quality assurance, 144a, VIX, limit order, inflation, labor relations, reverse mortgage, in escrow, diluted share, ex-dividend, wholly-owned subsidiary, APR, deferred tax, FTSE, 1031 exchange, ex-dividend date, per diem, open position, debt service coverage, retained earnings, margin rate, Zero Cost Collar, balance sheet, liquidity ratio, implied volatility, required rate of return, irrevocable trust, 401a, dividends payable, option premium, stock split, real GDP, Key Rate Duration, phantom income, FICO score, annual return, stock market close, 1035 exchange, cancelled check, command economy, EBITDA, deferred revenue, covered put, class C shares, current ratio, LIBOR, risk management, minority interest


Accounting | Banking | Bonds | Brokers | Economy | Futures | Mutual Funds | Options | Real Estate | Retirement | Stocks | Taxes | Technical Analysis
Investor Glossary | Term of the Day | Suggest a Term | Chart of the Day | Dogs of the Dow
©2004-2015 Investor Glossary - All rights reserved - Terms of Use