




Net present value (NPV) is a method for evaluating the profitability of an investment or project. The net present value of an investment is the present (discounted) value of cash inflows minus the present value of cash outflows. Here's and example of net present value: Suppose an investment requires an initial cash outflow of $5,000 and provides cash inflows of $4,000 in year 1 and $3,000 in year 2. Without using net present value, simply toting up the cash flows sums to +$2,000 ($5,000+4,000+3,000). With net present value and setting the discount rate to 10%, the investment is worth $1,115.70. (Net present value can be calculated using the NPV function in Excel.) By recognizing the time value of money and equating dollars from different years, net present value makes it possible to evaluate longterm investments. Accurately estimating the cash inflows and outflows for the net present value calculation is tricky; selecting an appropriate discount rate for net present value is also difficult. Nevertheless, net present value is a valuable tool for analyzing capital projects and other investments.
Rate this Net Present Value definition...




Where is the market headed? The answer may surprise you. Find out with the exclusive & Barron's recommended charts of Chart of the Day. 

Popular Terms: in escrow, whollyowned subsidiary, risk management, phantom income, class C shares, deferred tax, minority interest, 1031 exchange, command economy, stock market close, VIX, 144a, average price per share, cancelled check, deferred revenue, 401a, 1035 exchange, EBITDA, required rate of return, debt service coverage, option premium, current ratio, margin rate, open position, limit order, reverse mortgage, FICO score, Zero Cost Collar, covered put, exdividend, FTSE, real GDP, liquidity ratio, LIBOR, labor relations, balance sheet, implied volatility, Key Rate Duration, irrevocable trust, diluted share, quality assurance, retained earnings, stock split, inflation, APR, exdividend date, dividends payable, annual return, per diem


 