Investor Glossary-net present valueInvestor Glossary-net present valueInvestor Glossary-net present valueInvestor Glossary-net present valueInsightful stock market charts - Click here
investor
Categories    # A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Net Present Value

The HTML to link to this page
 

Net present value (NPV) is a method for evaluating the profitability of an investment or project. The net present value of an investment is the present (discounted) value of cash inflows minus the present value of cash outflows. Here's and example of net present value: Suppose an investment requires an initial cash outflow of $5,000 and provides cash inflows of $4,000 in year 1 and $3,000 in year 2. Without using net present value, simply toting up the cash flows sums to +$2,000 (-$5,000+4,000+3,000). With net present value and setting the discount rate to 10%, the investment is worth $1,115.70. (Net present value can be calculated using the NPV function in Excel.) By recognizing the time value of money and equating dollars from different years, net present value makes it possible to evaluate long-term investments. Accurately estimating the cash inflows and outflows for the net present value calculation is tricky; selecting an appropriate discount rate for net present value is also difficult. Nevertheless, net present value is a valuable tool for analyzing capital projects and other investments.



Rate this Net Present Value definition...

Learn about investing with the Investor Glossary Term of the Day


Click here for insightful stock market charts. Where is the market headed? The answer may surprise you. Find out
with the exclusive & Barron's recommended charts of Chart of the Day.


Popular Terms: diluted share, phantom income, labor relations, liquidity ratio, APR, per diem, ex-dividend date, ex-dividend, inflation, FICO score, option premium, average price per share, cancelled check, VIX, deferred revenue, covered put, class C shares, quality assurance, irrevocable trust, command economy, in escrow, wholly-owned subsidiary, retained earnings, debt service coverage, balance sheet, real GDP, required rate of return, 1031 exchange, minority interest, dividends payable, EBITDA, deferred tax, risk management, Key Rate Duration, 144a, annual return, implied volatility, limit order, LIBOR, 1035 exchange, margin rate, stock split, open position, 401a, reverse mortgage, current ratio, Zero Cost Collar, FTSE, stock market close


Investor Glossary | Term of the Day | Suggest a Term | Chart of the Day | Dogs of the Dow
Investor Glossary Index >>> # A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Accounting | Banking | Bonds | Brokers | Economy | Futures | Mutual Funds | Options | Real Estate | Retirement | Stocks | Taxes | Technical Analysis
©2004-2014 Investor Glossary - All rights reserved - Terms of Use