Investor Glossary-vertical integrationInvestor Glossary-vertical integrationInvestor Glossary-vertical integrationInvestor Glossary-vertical integrationInsightful stock market charts - Click here
investor
Categories    # A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Vertical Integration

The HTML to link to this page
 

In strategic management and microeconomics, vertical integration is the consolidation of upstream (suppliers) and/or downstream (customers) components of the value chain into a common ownership structure. Costs, market differentiation, and other business issues are impacted by the extent of vertical integration. For instance, vertical integration is a solution to what economists call the hold-up problem, a situation in which it would be efficient for two firms to cooperate, but the firms do not because of differences in bargaining power. Major players in the oil industry have extensive vertical integration. Oil giants including BP and Shell conduct exploration and crude recovery, transport and refining, and retail distribution and sale of fuel. Vertical integration focused on expanding downstream activity is called forward integration. Vertical integration focused on expanding upstream activity is called backward integration. Vertical integration should be distinguished from horizontal integration.



Rate this vertical integration definition...

Learn about investing with the Investor Glossary Term of the Day


Click here for insightful stock market charts. Where is the market headed? The answer may surprise you. Find out
with the exclusive & Barron's recommended charts of Chart of the Day.


Popular Terms: limit order, EBITDA, reverse mortgage, per diem, balance sheet, APR, option premium, cancelled check, required rate of return, debt service coverage, covered put, wholly-owned subsidiary, Key Rate Duration, dividends payable, liquidity ratio, deferred revenue, labor relations, quality assurance, diluted share, margin rate, 144a, inflation, ex-dividend, in escrow, risk management, retained earnings, deferred tax, FICO score, 401a, stock split, 1035 exchange, phantom income, command economy, FTSE, minority interest, irrevocable trust, VIX, stock market close, average price per share, Zero Cost Collar, open position, 1031 exchange, current ratio, ex-dividend date, implied volatility, annual return, real GDP, LIBOR, class C shares


Accounting | Banking | Bonds | Brokers | Economy | Futures | Mutual Funds | Options | Real Estate | Retirement | Stocks | Taxes | Technical Analysis
Investor Glossary | Term of the Day | Suggest a Term | Chart of the Day | Dogs of the Dow
©2004-2016 Investor Glossary - All rights reserved - Terms of Use